This symposium deals with the discipline and removal of Article III judges. In employing these measures we must heed two principles that are in tension with one another. The first is that judges must be honest. The second is that they must be independent. This second principle actually presupposes a third, about which I will say something before returning to the first two. The independence of federal judges is particularly important because they engage in the practice of judicial review
John H. Garvey, Judicial Discipline and Impeachment, 76 KY. L. J. 633 (1988).