The internet is virtually ubiquitous and is becoming more accessible to young people all over the world. Along with the many benefits it brings, the internet poses serious risks to the human rights of its most vulnerable users, viz. children. The United Kingdom, Poland and the U.S. State of Utah have already started to mitigate this risk through a variety of regulatory mechanisms. A priori, both self-regulation and hard law can satisfy international requirements on freedom of services and freedom of expression, but each requires careful scrutiny. Neither self-regulation nor soft law appear to be sufficient. It would seem, therefore, that public legal instruments are required. These measures come with a requirement of greater transparency and often allow for the possibility of challenging individual decisions or abstract regulations before the courts.
Adam Szafranski, Piotr Szwedo and Malgorzata Klein,
Comparative Perspectives of Adult Content Filtering: Legal Challenges and Implications,
Cath. U. L. Rev.
Available at: https://scholarship.law.edu/lawreview/vol68/iss1/9