This essay attempts to examine some evolving notions of regulatory flexibility and show how, if at all, they fit in with the existing framework of the administrative state. It is a preliminary effort to suggest the kinds of flexibility that should be encouraged and discouraged. It will highlight as well, the effect of increased administrative flexibility on the structure of administrative law and the APA thereby raising the question whether the APA - a document written to structure both adjudication and rulemaking - is, in fact, well suited to regulate cooperation between industry and government.
Marshall J. Breger, Regulatory Flexibility and the Administrative State, 32 TULSA L. J. 325 (1996).