The Administrative Dispute Resolution Act of 1990 has given direct authorization to all federal government agencies to voluntarily agree to use alternative dispute resolution (specifically arbitration) in any type of dispute—whether disputes between the government and private parties, interagency matters or labor-management disputes within one agency. This law will be overseen by the Administrative Conference, which coordinates and advises agencies on the act's implementation. The Administrative Conference is a permanent federal agency established in 1964. Its purpose is to "improve the procedures of federal agencies so that they may fairly and expeditiously carry out their responsibilities."
Marshall J. Breger, Realizing the Potential of Arbitration in Federal Agency Dispute Resolution, ARB. J., June 1991, at 35.