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This article is only an introductory study to further inquiry. It focuses on the first two constitutions in the world: the American Constitution of 1787 and the Polish Constitution of May 3, 1791. Furthermore, the emphasis of this essay will be disposed of in a different manner than in the above mentioned studies. The author's purpose is not to add another article to the numerous works already devoted to American Constitutional development; instead, the following remarks will emphasize Polish constitutional history, and treat the American constitutional experience as a background for comparison.



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