It will be the purpose of this article to assay the historical evolution of the freedom of assembly, noting first its development in England and later in America and finally its current position in the twentieth century. Even though the rights of free speech, association, and religion are inescapably drawn into case discussions of freedom of assembly, effort will be made to confine the consideration to the pertinent assembly problems. In addition to considering the fundamental legal propositions embodied in this right, as well as its raison d'etre, thought and discussion will be given to the sociological interpretations of the basic need for its recognition. But, before any of this may be undertaken, an attempt to define in more exacting philosophical terms what is meant by the word, "Freedom," must be made.
George P. Smith II, The Development of the Right of Assembly: A Current Socio-Legal Investigation, 9 WM. & MARY L. REV. 359 (1967).